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Ideological proximity and voter turnout in multi-level systems: evidence from Spain

Ideological proximity and voter turnout in multi-level systems: evidence from Spain

Peer-Reviewed Article
Rosa M. Navarrete
Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties · February 2020
Publication year: 2020
Abstract
Does ideological proximity between the individual and political parties determine electoral participation in regional elections, as much as in national elections? Does the degree of self-rule of a region affect the interplay between ideological distance and turnout? This article addresses these questions and provides empirical evidence drawing upon individual-level and regional-level data from 53 regional elections and 4 national elections in Spain. Results indicate that citizens are more likely to vote when they perceive there is at least one congruent policy option among the party supply, and this happens at both regional and national levels. However, whether the closest party is in national government or whether it is a regionalist organization has a dissimilar impact on turnout in different tiers. This relationship between the type of party which is most ideologically proximate and electoral participation is partially affected by the degree of regional autonomy of the territory.

The End of Ideology? Left-Right and Political Preferences

Thesis
Rosa M. Navarrete
2019, Mannheim, University of Mannheim. (Dissertation)
Publication year: 2019
Constitutional courts and citizens’ perceptions of judicial systems in Europe

Constitutional courts and citizens’ perceptions of judicial systems in Europe

Peer-Reviewed Article
Rosa M. Navarrete, Pablo José Castillo Ortiz
Comparative European Politics · January 2019
Publication year: 2019
Abstract
In recent decades, constitutional courts have become essential institutions in the political systems of many European countries. At the legal level, constitutional courts are designed as organs intended to protect and enforce the normative constitution. At the political level, they are also expected to play a role in the protection of democratic systems of government and human rights. However, the stability of a democracy does not only depend on efficient institutional designs, but also on acceptable levels of public support for democratic institutions. Using data from the European Social Survey, this article shows that constitutional courts have negative effects on public views of the court system in at least two dimensions: perceptions of judicial independence and perceptions of judicial fairness. These effects, however, decrease with the age of the democratic system. Given the core role that diffuse support for the judiciary plays in the stability of the rule of law in a country, our findings suggest that, paradoxically, constitutional courts might have detrimental effects to the very goal that justifies their existence: the protection of democratic systems of government.
Do regional party primaries affect the ideological cohesion of political parties in multilevel systems? Evidence from Spain

Do regional party primaries affect the ideological cohesion of political parties in multilevel systems? Evidence from Spain

Peer-Reviewed Article
Marc Debus, Rosa M. Navarrete
Party Politics · November 2018
Publication year: 2018
Abstract
Parties have strong incentives to present a relatively cohesive policy position to the voters across different levels of a political system. However, the adoption of inclusive forms of candidate selection methods like primaries could result in the selection of top candidates for elections on the subnational sphere who are not favoured by the party leadership. This is often seen as a threat to high levels of intra-party programmatic cohesion. Because subnational party organizations depend to a significant degree on the support from their national party, we argue that regional party branches that selected their top candidates by means of a primary adopt a policy position that deviates less strongly from the one of their national party. However, candidates selected by primaries might need to be responsive to the preferences of their regional selectorate, so that the incentives for parties at a regional level to deviate substantially from the position of their national party organization could increase. By analysing the content of 150 regional election manifestos of Spanish parties, we find that if a party’s top candidate for a regional election is selected in a primary, then the policy distance between the respective regional and national party decreases. However, this effect is not observable for recently founded parties.

Do regional primaries affect the ideological congruence of political parties?

Conference paper
Rosa M. Navarrete, Marc Debus
7th Annual General Conference of the European Political Science Association, Milan, June 22nd to June 24th, 2017
Publication year: 2017

Do regional party primaries affect the ideological congruence of political parties in multi-level systems?

Conference paper
Rosa M. Navarrete, Marc Debus
Workshop ‘Governance Challenges in Multi-Level Environments: The policy, politics, and polity implications of territoriality’, Solstrand, June 29th to June 30th, 2017
Publication year: 2017

La democracia en tiempos de crisis: legitimidad, descontento y desafección en España

Book Chapter
José Ramón Montero, Alberto Sanz, Rosa M. Navarrete
Pp. 15-65 in: José Luis Casca Castro, Augusto Martín de la Vega (Eds.): Participación, Representación y Democracia: XII Congreso de la Asociación de Constitucionalistas de España. 2016. Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch
Publication year: 2016

Este libro constituye una reflexión en profundidad, realizada desde el Derecho Constitucional, sobre la salud de nuestro sistema democrático. La relación entre participación, representación y democracia es analizada aquí tanto desde una perspectiva teórica como desde la práctica política, intentando encontrar nuevos marcos conceptuales, nuevos instrumentos de participación y nuevas mejoras en los mecanismos representativos que contribuyan a reafirmar la legitimidad democrática de nuestro Estado Constitucional. El volumen, que recoge las ponencias presentadas en el XII Congreso de la Asociación de Constitucionalistas de España, celebrado en la Universidad de Salamanca en abril de 2014, aborda así temas tan variados como la paridad y las listas abiertas, la financiación electoral o la selección de candidatos y las primarias, dentro de la relación entre representación y sistemas electorales, o la democracia participativa, sus manifestaciones en el ámbito local o el referéndum, dentro de la relación entre democracia participativa, democracia directa y representación. Junto con el análisis de la relación entre transparencia y democracia en nuestro sistema, el volumen cuestiona también las actuales relaciones entre los partidos políticos y órganos constitucionales como el Parlamento, el Consejo General del Poder Judicial o el Tribunal Constitucional, aportando, en definitiva, una visión crítica y constructiva al debate actual sobre la calidad de nuestra democracia.

The Politicisation of social divisions

Conference paper
Antonia Ruiz, Alberto Sanz, Rosa M. Navarrete, José Ramón Montero
The True European Voter: Authors' Conference, MZES, Mannheim, May 10th to May 12th, 2015
Publication year: 2015

Fishing in Troubled Waters: Democracy, Economic System and Vote in Spain

Conference paper
Rosa M. Navarrete, Alberto Sanz, José Ramón Montero
9th ECPR General Conference, Université de Montréal, August 26th to August 29th, 2015
Publication year: 2015

This paper examines the impact of economic crisis on some relevant political attitudes towards democracy in Spain, and its consequences in terms of support to established and to new, emerging parties. We have selected three attitudes: democratic legitimacy or support for democracy, political and economic discontent or dissatisfaction with the way democracy works, and political disaffection. Concerning economic system, we have chosen the legitimacy, the efficacy, and the fairness of Capitalism. Democratic legitimacy and satisfaction with the performance of democracy proved to have an impact on the citizens’ disaffection from the political system, as unemployment and opinions on legitimacy, efficacy, and fairness of capitalism also had. Finally, attending to electoral consequences, the paper illustrates how, in moments of economic and political crises, dissatisfaction –but not disaffection– is directly related to the increasing voting intention enjoyed by Podemos, a populist left-wing new party, and to the probability of a serious disruption of the Spanish party system.